عنوان مقاله [English]
Similar to any phenomenon, literature should be studied and analyzed in order to be alive and efficient. One of these studies is the comparative study of the literary works with other sciences. There is an issue called social conflicts and behavior analysis in psychology and sociology which investigates the works of our ancestors. In his book “Functions of Social Conflict”, Lewis Alfred Coser has studied the human behavior, groups and parties in sixteen theories. “Van Jones” and “Ian Stewart” have analyzed this issue in their book “Analyzing Conflict Behavior”. In this study we have investigated several of Hafez’s lyric poems in relation with social and conflict behaviors in terms of subject matter and content. We attempt to partially reveal Hafez’s conflict behaviors in internal layers of his lyric poems regarding Coser’s sixteen theories as a grand contemporary sociologist; Although, generally the aforementioned lyric poems are mostly related to conflict behaviors of lover and beloved or disciple and apostle, nowadays such generalizations are not totally accepted.