نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری زبان و ادبیات فارسی، واحد چالوس، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، چالوس، ایران.
2 استادیار گروه زبان و ادبیات فارسی، واحد چالوس، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، چالوس، ایران (نویسندۀ مسئول).
3 استادیار گروه زبان و ادبیات فارسی، واحد چالوس، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، چالوس، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Analysis of personality and manifestations of excellence and destruction based on psychology is one of the intertextual fields that has been highly regarded by literary analysts. The most basic and important point in these analyzes is to express the manifestations of excellence and destruction and their various forms in the poetry of poets. In this article, which has been done analytically-descriptively, the two categories of excellence and destruction in the poems of Mehdi Akhavan Sales have been studied based on Erich Fromm's psychoanalytic theory. Erich Fromm believes that love and its dimensions are one of the main manifestations of excellence and violence, failure, loneliness, suffocation and despair are the signs of personality destruction; therefore, the theory of the mentioned categories has been studied in the poems of this poet. The results obtained from this study indicate that Akhavan Sales has paid more attention to the category of destruction and its manifestations (including death) in his ideology. Considering the type of personality and lifestyle of the poet, this issue has had more effects in his poems. The category of transcendence in the poetry of Akhavan Sales has appeared only with the manifestations of love (love for man, ideal love, love for the homeland).