نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
استادیار گروه فقه و حقوق اسلامی، واحد تهران مرکزی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Practice of religious Jurisprudence (Ijtihad) is not merely knowledge or a profession, but an art. Ijtihad is a queen to which enables its owner to infer Sharia law from its sources. One cannot be appointed as a mujtahid by mere practice and assiduity; In addition to these two, mujtahid need to possess the required passion and talent of Ijtihad. Therefore, prior to becoming a mujtahid, the talented one needs to learn a great deal of knowledge to be assisted in this path. Since the most prominent source of inference for a Mujtahid is Quran and Hadith of Masoomeen(AS) and understanding them is directly relevant to literature, it can be said that literature is considered as one of the most essential and salient antecedents to Ijtihad; thus, it can be concluded that a mujtahid can never be able to Ijtihad unless he learns principles of literature. How can one ignore the eminent role of literature in Ijtihad? ; Whereas in Quran, literary devices such as: brachylogy, implicit metaphor and simile, allusion, metaphor, allegory, etc., are frequently seen in every verse and many narratives. This study has attempted to identify the role of literary principles in Ijtihad and to investigate its impact. Data show that without learning literature, the art of Ijtihad is not obtainable.