نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
استادیار گروه زبان و ادبیات فارسی ، دانشگاه حکیم سبزواری
عنوان مقاله [English]
The richest of Persian epic poems can be found in fourth, fifth and the beginning of sixth century. The reason to this lies within the dominant political and social atmosphere in the society. This glorious era starts with prose shahnamehs and ends with works such as Borzu nama and Shahriyarnameh. One of the best ways to more meaningful recognition of epic works is to pay attention to the criteria through which a work can be considered as epic. However, not every epic work can be named as national.
Researchers have mentioned numerous criteria to recognize epic works. Provided that a number of these criteria are found, the work can be recognized as epic. Nevertheless, if many of the criteria are found in a work, it can be recognized as a true and unique piece of work that is based on legendary infrastructures. The most prominence of a national epic work is nationalism and possession of national goals, concerns and heroes. This study has been done via a descriptive-analytical approach and the results show that the only national epic work that is thoroughly worth recognition is Ferdowsi’s Shahnameh. Other epics of the same era are considered as natural since they have not regarded nationalism extensively. It is said that several of such works are as a part of Shahnameh through which reading them can reflect only a continuation of a single story of Shahnameh.