نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استادیار گروه زبان و ادبیّات فارسی، واحد بابل، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بابل، ایران (نویسنده مسئول).
2 دانش آموختۀ کارشناسی ارشد زبان و ادبیّات فارسی، واحد بابل، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بابل، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Sentences are divided into four different kinds of how to deliver a message; declarative, interrogative, imperative and exclamatory. The essence of a declarative sentence is to achieve information, however, we could infer other secondary meanings from it. This study has been done with an analytical-descriptive method and intends to analyze interrogative sentences of Iraj Mirza’s “Zohre and Manuchehr” and Ghasem Labon’s “Iraj and Hoobare” which are considered as the last lyrical poems of classic literature in Persian. This study is an approach to discover in what sentences are secondary meanings more significant and what the cause of this significance is. The results show that the frequency of interrogative sentences in dialogs to other types of sentences in “Iraj and Hoobare” is more than “Zohreh and Manuchehr”. The frequency of exclamatory, rhetorical and impatience statements, are the reasons why dialogs in Larbon’s “Iraj and Hoobare” are considered as artistic and outstanding. The frequency of exclamation and reprimand in interrogative sentences are used to approach Zohre to what her heart demands. Nevertheless, the frequency of exclamatory sentences in “Iraj and Hoobare” -due to its lyrical aspect- is caused by love. In addition, dubiousness in times of danger and impinging to one’s homeland -due to its being an epic poem- is shocking. Rhetorical questions used in in Larbon’s lyrical poems show purpose and confirm language and impatience. They are influenced by being apart or away from true love. This trend cannot be found in “Zohre and Manuchehr”.